Deep studying accelerators corresponding to GPUs, FPGAs, and more lately TPUs. Based mostly on ideas from Alan Turing, BritainĀ“s Pilot ACE computer is constructed on the Nationwide Physical Laboratory. “We are trying to construct a machine to do all kinds of different things just by programming somewhat than by the addition of extra equipment,” Turing said at a symposium on large-scale digital calculating equipment in 1947 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The design packed 800 vacuum tubes into a relatively compact 12 square toes.